Posture can be described as the position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while sitting, standing or lying down. At Targeted Fitness, one of our goals for you is to incorporate an awareness of good posture. This is particularly true if your Fitness Assessment indicated postural deviation. Why check postural alignment, and what are the benefits?
Postural appraisals can help prevent injuries.
If certain postural deviations are present, some types of exercises could make those deviations worse. The Appraisal can be used by your Trainer to identify anatomical, compensatory and adaptive postural factors, which may predispose you to injury. Postural abnormalities can be causing you biomechanical or anatomical injury.
What does all this ’gobbledygook’ mean?
In other words, certain exercises can emphasise or increase postural injuries, so participating in a Postural Assessment, helps to identify your postural risk factors.
Did you know that your posture can also be affected by your balance? Your posture can also affect your centre of gravity. Changes to your centre of gravity can be caused by pregnancy, being overweight, loose fitting shoes, or high heels for example.
Back to posture…
Some postural variances are caused by injuries, mental and physical illness, sports or work related such as poor sitting habits.
Some of these variances are structural, meaning that they are permanent such as changes in the skeleton, or functional, where the soft tissue is mainly involved. Functional variances can usually be corrected by an appropriate exercise prescription such as improving strength and flexibility to help maintain mobility, enhance posture and prevent injury.
The three biggies of postural variances are:
- Kyphosis – which can result in pain in the neck and shoulders, and headaches.
Thoracic Kyphosis is common for those people who sit at a desk working on a computer, or for people who drive for long periods. The rise in use of smartphones (with people looking down), has resulted in an increase in Thoracic Kyphosis.
- Lordosis – this condition over-emphasises the natural lumbar curve and causes an anterior pelvic tilt. Lordosis can be seen in people with hyperextended knees, but can also be a sign of obesity, osteoporosis, and some vertebrae conditions.
- Scoliosis – can be categorised as structural due to abnormalities or diseases of bones, muscles or nerves, or functional, caused by an irregularity in posture due to limb length issues or by standing posture.
At Targeted Fitness, your individual exercise prescription (your program) is designed to incorporate your health and fitness goals, and also to address any postural deviations. Got questions about your posture? Let us know.